Thursday, July 7, 2016

Al-Quran: Summary of Juz 22

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In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful...

Assalamualaikum warahmatullah wabarakatuh...

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Semoga bermanfaat, Insya Allah.


JUZZ -22

The twenty-second Juz  covers Sûrahs Ahzab, Saba, Fâtir and Yâ-Sîn.

Referring to the time when Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam was upset with his wives on some account, Allâh tells them, "Oh wives of the Nabî! You are not like any other women (but higher in status)" (verse 32). 
Allâh instructs them never to make a display of themselves and to learn the Qur'ân and Sunnah from their homes, which they could then teach to others.

Allâh advises that His commands be carried out even though difficulties have to be borne in achieving the same. 

Allâh then states, Muhammad Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam is not the father of any man among you, but he is Allâh's Nabî and the seal of all Nabîs." (verse 40)

In honour of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam, Allâh says in verse 56, "Verily Allâh and his angels shower their special mercies on the Nabî. O you who believe! Convey mercies and salutations upon him."

Thereafter, Allâh makes mention of numerous laws of marriage, divorce, Iddah and Hijâb.

 In verse 70, Allâh commands the Muslims to speak only what is good because this will afford them the capacity to carry out good acts. 

Allâh makes it clear that the only road to success is in following the teachings of Allâh and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam. 

In verse 72, Allâh says that the awesome trust of upholding the Sharî'ah was offered to the heavens, the earth and the mountains but they all shrank from the task. It was only man who was able to bear the responsibility. 

Allâh curses the Kuffâr and Munâfiqîn in this Sûrah, after which the Sûrah closes with the mention of Allâh's mercy.

After Sûrah Ahzâb, Sûrah Saba begins with the dynamic statement that "All praise belongs to Allâh, to Whom belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. All praise belongs to Him in the Âkhirâh as well. He is The Wise, The Informed." 

Allâh dispels the foolish argument of the Kuffâr who say that they must be correct in their beliefs and acts because Allâh has not yet annihilated them with His punishment.

 Allâh tells Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam that he should warn these Kuffâr that Allâh's punishment can afflict them at any stage just as it struck the nations of the past. There are lessons to be learnt from these incidents for people with imân.

Relating the incidents of various Ambiyâ, Allâh begins with the narrative of Prophet Dawûd .
Allâh made iron soft for him, which he could mould as he pleased.
 Allâh also subjugated the birds and mountains for him, all of which would hymn Allâh's dhikr along with him. 
Allâh made a spring of copper gush forth for Prophet Sulaymân Alayhis Salâm and also granted him control over the winds and the jinn.

Allâh speaks about the people of Saba in this Sûrah, whom Allâh destroyed in a flood because they were ungrateful for the bounties that He had bestowed on them.

Sûrah Fâtir follows Sûrah Saba as the 35th Sûrah of the Qur'ân.
 In this Sûrah, Allâh states that He has created the heavens and the earth without any previous example. Thereafter, Allâh states that He "made the angels, possessing two, three and four wings. 

Allâh increases in His creation as He pleases. Verily Allâh has power over all things. There is none to withhold the mercy Allâh opens to people, and there is none to release the mercy that He withholds. He is The Mighty, The Wise." (verses 1 and 2)

Thereafter, Allâh warns man to beware of Shaytân's ploys because he beautifies the sins of people so that sin appears to be virtuous to them. Shaytân must be treated as the avowed enemy he is to man. 

Speaking about those who spend their wealth for Allâh's pleasure, Allâh says that He will "grant them their reward in full and increase them from His grace. Verily He is Most Forgiving, Most Appreciative." (verse 30)

Every being is dependent on Allâh, Who has power to do whatever He pleases. Allâh declares in verse 45, "If Allâh was to take man to task for whatever he does, Allâh would not leave a single living creature on the face of the earth (because His punishment would destroy them all). But Allâh defers them until an appointed term."

Sûrah Yâ-Sîn follows Sûrah Fâtir. Allâh says that that He has revealed the Qur'ân to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam so that he may guide people. However, there are those Kuffâr who have veils upon their hearts and will not respond.
 Regarding them Allâh says, "It the same to them whether you warn them or you do not warn them. They will never believe. You can only warn him who follows the advice and fears Rahmân without seeing Him. Give him the glad tidings of forgiveness and a bountiful provision." (verses 10 and 11)

The concluding verse of this Juz advises, "Follow those who do not ask any remuneration from you, and who are rightly guided." (verse 21)

End of 22nd juzz

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